Likely anybody that watched even only five minutes of the 2018 Winter Olympics, held in Pyeongchang, South Korea, was well aware of Russia’s widespread doping scandal, in which Russia effectively wasn’t allowed to compete at the Olympic event, though the so-called “Russian Federation of Athletes” was, the name used for team sports involving Russian athletes.
Whenever athletes hailing from Russia entered individual categories of sport in the 2018 Winter Olympics, they were considered “Olympic athletes from Russia.” So, more or less, Russia and its athletes were still very much able to compete, just not able to take any medals home to Russia and claim that they won for Russia – the International Olympic Committee (IOC) viewed them as individual athletes who just happened to live in Russia.
Fans of the Olympics or controversy in any sports, either or, likely remember a similar Russian doping scandal from 2014, in which 39 athletes were not allowed to compete for the country.
The CAS, which stands for the Court of Arbitration for Sport, has currently put out two of 39 case decisions regarding Olympic athletes from Russia that didn’t accept rules laid down by the International Olympic Committee’s Disciplinary Commission, the overarching body of discipline and punishment for all Olympic events, both Summer and Winter.
Considering that all 39 of those athletes appealed the IOC DC’s exclusionary rulings, it’s taken some stretch of time to get results back. 27 appeals were upheld in their entirety, whereas just 12 were upheld to a partial degree.